Congratulations IPED Class of 2017!
We’re looking forward to hear of your future successes. We’ll miss you! Good luck!
On February 23, 2017, the US branch of the Vatican Foundation Centesimus Annus Pro Pontifice and Fordham University co-sponsored the inaugural lecture of the Cassamarca Foundation Chair in Migration and Globalization, titled: “The Holy See and the Fight Against Human Trafficking.” The conference examined the realities of human trafficking today, what is being done, and what opportunities there are going forward.
The Gendered Nature of Human Trafficking
Fordham’s “Consultation on Human Trafficking” convened local and international experts to discuss the root causes and challenges of modern slavery. And while the panelists discussed different push factors – poverty, conflict, and forced migration – many highlighted the overarching role that gender plays in the human trafficking system.
“79% of people who are trafficked are women,” said Archbishop Bernardito Auza, the Inaugural Holder of the Casamarca Foundation Chair in Migration and Globalization, and the conference’s keynote speaker. “And while that percentage is decreasing, the number of women who are being trafficked in real terms is increasing.”
So why are women so vulnerable to human trafficking?
“Human Trafficking takes advantage of global indifference and an economy of exclusion” said the Archbishop. Women still constitute 70% of the world’s poor, and have unequal access to labor markets and economic resources. Human traffickers prey on women and girls who have fewer routes to economic independence, and who are willing to leave their homes to pursue financial opportunities. Convinced that there is a job waiting for them abroad, women find themselves trapped in sexual exploitation or domestic slavery.
Human trafficking also affects young women in the United States, particularly the homeless and those formerly in the foster system.
Jayne Bigelsen, Director of Anti-Human Trafficking Initiatives at Covenant House in New York, estimated that 15-25% of her clients have been trafficked. Most of them are young women with few mentors or family connections, and are trafficked by pimps who act as their boyfriend. The pimp provides emotional, financial, and housing stability, and then forces the woman into human trafficking.
“At first, many of our clients will say that they chose that life freely. But six months after they’ve gotten away from their pimps, they will say they didn’t really have a choice, that they had to do it if they wanted a place to sleep.”
Panelists also discussed human trafficking as a secondary trauma: “Many of the girls who are trafficked have been sexually abused at home.” said one panelist. “… We see that incest shatters the soul, and makes girls feel an incredible amount of shame. If I feel that I am worthless, what would keep me from making these decisions (to follow pimps)?”
Given the gendered nature of human trafficking, panelists called for solutions that take women’s unique vulnerability into account. Solutions included training law enforcement officers to recognize when women were being trafficked, and better coordination across government and NGO agencies. Ms. Bigelson said the best way to combat human trafficking was to be a good mentor and a good foster parent to young women.
Written by: Sydney Kornegay
Sydney is a first-year student in Fordham University’s Graduate Program in International Political Economy & Development.
Every year, IPED celebrates the outgoing 2nd Year students with an intimate evening with friends, family, and faculty. Congratulations to our class of 2017 as they embark on their next steps!
Gary Tuorto (IPED 2017) currently interns with the the United States Security and Exchange Commission in their Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE). OCIE administers the SEC’s examination and inspection program to protect investors. Examiners conduct examinations of the nation’s registered entities like broker-dealers, investment advisers and companies, and the national securities exchanges, among others.
Gary is a part of the Graduate Student Honors Program which is a 10-week program offered to current Graduate Students. During the Fall and Spring interns are required to work a total of 15 hours per week and full time in the summer. The internship is unpaid, as are most governmental positions, but the experience working at the SEC is invaluable.
Gary works in the Municipal Advisors area where his work includes examining both Municipal Advisors and Underwriters to insure no conflicts of interest arise and all regulatory requirements are upheld, reviewing both the Advisor and Underwriter’s municipal bond pricing reports and performing pricing regarding muni issuances, analyzing secondary market trading data for large deviations in initial offering prices/yields and for unusual transactions, and writing detailed reports which are sent to his supervisors.
Gary shares his experience on procuring his position with the SEC: “I found out about the internship through https://www.usajobs.gov/. Apply to as many open positions as possible as there is no limit to the number of positions you may apply to and each division will interview the candidates they feel would best fit the position irrespective of whether or not another division is also interested in you. As such, you may find yourself interviewing for several different positions in different divisions at the same time which will increase your chances of securing an internship.”
While fulfilling his internship obligations, Gary is continuing his classes as a full-time student.
Thiviya Navaratnam (IPED 2017) is a Compliance Associate at Women’s World Banking. Women’s World Banking is a non-profit dedicated to helping low-income women in developing countries gain access to financial tools and services to economically empower themselves.
Thiviya works on the Finance team as a Compliance Associate (one of two) with 2016 IPED alumna Veronica Karpoich, Senior Compliance Associate. Thiviya works on contracting and consultant procurement to verify compliance with donors’ requirements.
Thiviya spoke about her task handling the procurement of various translators and interpreters to put on retainer, an arduous but fulfilling project that required finding multiple translators across several languages (quite a large project!)
Thiviya also shares her experience in obtaining her position. “I found the listing through the IPED jobs digest. Veronica, a part-time IPED student at the time, was looking to hire an Associate to work with her and I managed to convince her I was the best person for the job. I would encourage all IPED students to take advantage of the Jobs Digest and reach out to any alumnus they can. I have found that all alumni have been very helpful, and I’ve always appreciated their advice.”
Thiviya manages to keep up her rigorous class schedule as a part-time student while working full time with Women’s World Banking.